VOCAB: Linnaeus, binomial nomenclature, unicellular, multicellular, prokaryotic, eukaryotic, stimulus, heterotrophic, autotrophic,aerobic, anaeorbic, extremophile, taxonomy, phylogeny, spontaneous generation, homeostasis

  • Carolus Linnaeus (http://www.nndb.com/people/292/000087031/)
  • classification of organismsDomain<Kingdom<Phylum<Class<Order<Family<Genus<Species)
    • 3 DOMAINS(Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya)
      • Archaea: anaerobic, unicellular, prokaryotic, oldest known life, evolved on Earth 3.6 bya, thermophiles, halophiles, methanogens
        • only 1 kingdom - Archaebacteria
      • Bacteria (Monera): unicellular, prokaryotic, cyanobacteria(autotrophs) & other eubacteria (heterotrophs)
        • only 1 kingdom - Eubacteria
      • Eukarya: autotrophs, heterotrophs, unicellular or multicellular whose cells are eukaryotic
        • 4 kingdoms - Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista
          • Plantae: eukaryotic, sessile, multicellular, autotrophs
          • Animalia: eukaryotic,highly motile, multicellular, heterotrophs
          • Fungi: eukaryotic, sessile, multicellular, heterotrophic decomposers
          • Protista: eukaryotic, sessile, some unicellular/some multicellular, some autotrophic / some heterotrophic

http://www.brainpop.com/science/diversityoflife/classification/preview.weml

    • 6 KINGDOMS




kingdoms.gif





TAXONOMY LEVELS

leo_classification.gif


PHYLOGENY (TREE SHOWING EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIP)

treeolif.jpg



branchingdiagram.gif


LIVING SYSTEMS


http://www.biology4kids.com/files/systems_main.html

atoms-molecules-compounds-
organelles-cells-tissues-organs-systems-organisms-
population-community-biome




KINDOM Animalia

INVERTEBRATES

http://www.brainpop.com/science/diversityoflife/invertebrates/preview.weml


invert_main2_541x100.jpg
  • Phylum Porifera (Sponges): assymetric, sessile, filter feeders, sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Phylum Cnidaria (Jellies): radial, two life stages/sexual AND asexual reproduction; stinging cells
  • Phylum Flatworms: Eyespots; primitive brain
  • Phylum Roundworms: dog heartworms
  • Phylum Annelida (Segmented Worms): earth worms; primitive brains
  • Phylum Echinodermata: Spiky skinned sea stara & urchins
  • Phylum Arthropoda: segmented legs & bodies; exoskeleton (insects, spiders, crabs, mites, scorpions)
  • Phylum Mollusca: Soft muscular bodies; octopi, squid, snails, slugs, mussels

invert_main1_541x100.jpg

TUESDAY OCT 4th - EXAM 1: DIVERSITY OF LIFE AND CLASSIFICATION UP to INVERTS





NEW SECTION FOR EXAM 2


ANIMAL DIVERSITY BOOK
vertebrates (PHYLUM CHORDATA - SPINAL CHORDS)
VOCAB: ectotherm, endotherm, mammary glands, monotremes, marsupials, placental mammals, endoskeleton

v.jpg
  • Classes of the Fishes: ectothermic, aquatic, gilled vertebrates
  • Class Amphibia: ectothermic, eggs laid in aquatic/larvae have gills/adults have lungs and graduate to land, vertebrates
  • Class Reptilia: ectothermic, eggs laid on land, lunged, vertebrates
  • Class Aves: endothermic, modified scales called feathers, hollow bones for flight, lunged vertebrates
  • Class Mammalia: endothermic, fur covered, live young producing, feeders of young with milk
v2.jpg


animal_heart_rate.gif



a) What is the maximum heart rate on this graph?
b) What inference could be made regarding heart rate vs. animal mass according to the data on this graph?
c) How many organisms listed are ectotherms?















CHAPTER 5 in ANIMAL DIVERSITY BOOK: ANIMAL BEHAVIOR


vocab: innate, learned, reflex, instinct, imprinting, conditioning, insight, social behavior, territorialism, aggression, submission, courtship, cyclic behavior, circadian rhythm, hibernation, torpor, migration

http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/labbench/lab11/intro.html
Some FUN AVIAN COURTSHIP:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMbDjNDD4cM
*Behaviors may be innate or learned.

GREAT RESOURCE
http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

PENNSYLVANIA TREES DICHOTOMOUS KEY ACTIVITY
Use the Dichotomous Key at this link to identify each species of PA tree by its Common Name AND Scientific Name in binomial Nomenclature:
http://dnr.wi.gov/org/caer/ce/eek/veg/treekey/index.htm
1
external image white_pine2.jpg
external image eastern_white_pine_leaf.jpg
COMMON NAME_
SCIENTIFIC NAME _ __
2
external image E25A.jpg
external image ash_white150.jpg


3
external image eastern_white_cedar.jpg
external image northern-white-cedar.jpg


4
external image red-maple-leaf.jpg
external image red-maple-leaf.jpg


5
external image pinoak.jpg
external image Quercus%20palustris%20%206.jpg


6
external image eastern_hemlock_02a_leaf.jpg
external image EasrenHemlock1.jpg


7
external image YellowBirchKeithKanotiMaineForestServiceBugwood.org.jpg
external image Betula%20allegh.JPG
external image YellowBirch.gif

8
external image sbhick.jpg

UNPLATED PITH IN TWIG
UNPLATED PITH IN TWIG

external image shagbark-hickory-lrg.jpg